WASHINGTON (AFP) - At least five people have died in the United States after steaming, officials said Friday during an outbreak that ...

At least five deaths in the United States UU. For pulmonary disease related to vaping

WASHINGTON (AFP) - At least five people have died in the United States after steaming, officials said Friday during an outbreak that has left hundreds of people with severe lung disease sick and left behind. teens in a coma.

Federal authorities indicated that no substance was found in all laboratory samples examined. However, researchers in New York have indicated that they are now focusing on oil-based cannabis black-market e-cigarettes. of vitamin E.

On Friday, local health authorities in California and Minnesota announced the deaths of two elderly, relatively poor people, at least one of whom had used products containing THC, the main psychoactive component of cannabis. .

According to Ileana Arias, Acting Deputy Director of Non-infectious Diseases at Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), there are now more than 450 possible cases of pulmonary disease associated with vaping, more than double the reported figure last week. .

Daniel Fox, a pulmonologist in North Carolina, said the patients he examined had non-infectious pneumonia called lipoid pneumonia, which can occur "when oils or lipid-containing substances enter the lungs."

The New York Department of Health said lab test results showed very high levels of vitamin E oil in the cannabis cartridges used by the 34 people in the state who became ill after using Electronic cigarettes. The result was to focus his research in this direction.

Vitamin E acetate is a commonly available nutritional supplement that is taken orally or applied to the skin, but is harmful by inhalation.

Acting Food and Drug Administration Administrator Ned Sharpless said his agency was aware of the information, "but no substance, including vitamin E acetate, was identified in all tested samples. " in the country. .

Many patients reported using cannabis, but some said they inhaled only nicotine products.

"Do not do that."

The first death was reported in Illinois at the end of August. Oregon announced this week that the death of a patient in July was also linked to a vaping. And the Indiana authorities said there was also a death there, although they did not mention when.

Patients reported symptoms such as breathing difficulties and chest pain before being hospitalized and ventilated.

Doctors said many people were initially misdiagnosed as suffering from bronchitis or viral illness until their symptoms increased, sometimes to extremely extreme levels.

The parents of Kevin Boclair, a 19-year-old from Philadelphia, told CBS 3 Philly that his son was medically induced into a coma three weeks ago and may need a lung transplant if he recovers.

"I even know that as a nurse, I could die," said her mother, Deborah Boclair. "So we hope it will be better, and I just want his friends to know and all those kids, I could tell the parents," Tell your kids not to do it. "

Sean Callahan, the doctor who has successfully treated Alexander Mitchell, 20, from Provo, Utah, told AFP: "I have never seen anything like it before."

"You know, when such sick people need this kind of vital support, it's a very advanced case, such as influenza, pneumonia or patients whose immune systems are weakened by cancer and chemotherapy."

Many of those who have recovered have been treated with steroids, although doctors do not know if it is the drugs that have healed them.

The researchers also do not know if the cases have occurred recently or if they have been, but they were not related to vaping due to lack of awareness.

Electronic cigarettes are available in the United States. UU. Since 2006 and sometimes they are used as a help to quit smoking traditional tobacco products such as cigarettes.

Its use among adolescents has exploded in recent years: some 3.6 million middle and high school students used vaping products in 2018, an increase of 1.5 million compared to the previous year.

For the moment, the epidemic seems to be limited to the United States, despite the growing popularity of the vaporizer.

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